The Valve Wizard

How to design valve guitar amplifiers!

Grounding and Ground Schemes

Of the various sources of noise in an amplifier, bad grounding is probably third on the list (after heater hum and resistor hiss). However, since the internet seems to be a little vague on the subject, I have decided to make this article available. This is also the final chapter from my book, Designing Valve Preamps for Guitar and Bass, Second Edition.

Click here to view the article (360kb PDF)
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